Veganism and vegetarianism
Veganism has gained many followers worldwide, which in my view is incredible from an environmental and ethical point of view, but it is always necessary to warn people about the adequacy in terms of nutrient consumption.
Most people decide to be vegetarian to avoid the death of animals, which they consider to be unnecessary, but there are also those who choose this type of food due to health problems, religious or spiritual beliefs, among others. It is important to note that being vegetarian is not the same as being vegan. Since two diets are similar, one is more restricted than the other, with vegan being more restricted in terms of diet and non-food animal products.
Many people have a concept that nutritionists in general do not like to prescribe diets without animal protein, however it is always important to emphasize that the professional nutritionist needs to respect the ethical, religious, cultural and economic choices of this patient and seek the best solution in terms of food without judgment and without expressing your opinion on the matter, as in fact it is not relevant.
We can never fail to warn about the nutritional issues involved, seeing from this point of view, protein intake in vegan diets is reduced which can lead to increased consumption of carbohydrates in the form of energy compensation (the body needs more energy and the patient ends up eating more carbohydrates). Some studies also relate the vegan diet to an increase in body fat and weight, precisely due to the lower consumption of protein and the mismatches in the consumption of nutrients.
Protein plays a role in the repair and construction of body tissues, not just muscles but the whole organism in general. The protein has thermogenic action (uses more energy for its absorption) and the reduction of its consumption can change the body composition (increase of fat and reduction of lean mass).
How to avoid this? The answer is simple and obvious: consult a nutritionist. The patient who wants to exclude any nutrient from his diet NEED help as he may end up damaging his nutritional status. The matter becomes more serious when it comes to children and adolescents (0-18 years), in these stages of life the need for energy and nutrients is increased because the body is developing. Any restriction in this phase can compromise not only growth, but neurological development, causing irreversible damage. In the case of children and adolescents it is essential to seek the help of a nutritionist specialized in Child Nutrition.
Being vegan or vegetarian can be sensational, a diet without animal products well planned can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, various types of cancer, increase quality of life, promote weight loss, but I repeat: it needs to be done by a nutritionist.
Adopting a vegan or vegetarian lifestyle is not fashionable, it is an incredible and commendable attitude, but it needs guidance and support like any lifestyle change.
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